In each patient, demographic parameters, family and personal history were recorded. All patients were initially evaluated by transabdominal ultrasound. In selected cases other imagistic methods were used: computed tomography, endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspiration, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. The male to female ratio was 3.
The most frequent presenting symptom was abdominal pain The most frequent etiologic factor of chronic pancreatitis in the studied group was alcohol abuse. Using imaging methods the following complications of chronic pancreatitis were diagnosed in the studied group: complicated or pancreatic cancer with pancreatitis pseudocysts EUS has the advantage of visualizing not just the modifications of the pancreatic ducts, but also the parenchyma.
Moreover, it can be used as EUS-FNA in order to increase the sensitivity of the differential diagnosis between pseudotumoral chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. KEY WORDS chronic pancreatitis; transabdominal ultrasound; endoscopic ultrasound; endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsykeywords.