- Рада, в особенности за Симону и Майкла.
- Study: Food packaging can contribute to obesity – genunetwork.ro
- Без них ты не прожила бы Николь поглядела на Орла.
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- EDCs – an invisible cause of obesity | World Obesity Federation
EDCs — an invisible cause of obesity News EDCs — an invisible cause of obesity In this section While poor dietary patterns and lack of physical activity are commonly blamed for the modern obesity epidemic, Tim Lobstein and Kelly Brownell argue that a third type of obesogen may be equally important, and is much harder to avoid.
Yet in the last two decades a third cause of adiposity has become increasingly recognised, with over scientific papers published since including over in the last five years. This third factor?
- Многие уже видели нас на берегу.
- Николь повернулась.
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals EDCs — the man-made industrially-produced compounds that are becoming increasingly widespread in the environment and demonstrably able to affect human hormone systems. These compounds can be found in a wide range of products and environments.
Приглядывая за ней, Николь не отводила взгляда от цветных колец на раманском небе. По нему теперь плыло восемь колец: синее, коричневое, розовое и пурпурное над Южным полуцилиндром, первые четыре цепочкой уходили к северу. И когда красное кольцо поглотила Северная чаша, с конца Большого рога сорвалось новое кольцо того же цвета. "Совсем как много лет назад", - подумала Николь.
They are added to plastic beverage bottles, they are used for food wrapping, they are painted inside tin cans, and put into cosmetics, antihelmintic copii are sprayed onto crops, they are incorporated in carpets and furnishing materials and released in traffic fumes and tyre dust.
Chemicals in food project are known to affect human reproduction and can raise the risk of certain cancers, and most recently they have been shown to affect adipose tissue formation, appetite control and weight gain. In a review published this month in Obesity Reviews we suggest that EDCs are likely to increase the risk of obesity as much as a poor diet, or watching TV, and that policies for obesity prevention need to take EDCs into account.
The link between overweight and EDC exposure is hard to dispute: children in the USA with higher urinary levels chemicals in food project one of the most common EDCs, bisphenol A BPA had twice o que e bom para oxiurus prevalence of obesity compared with children with lower levels Bhandari et al.
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A meta-analysis found that, for every 1. How does this compare with known risk factors for obesity?
Equally modest effects on obesity prevalence are reported in studies of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. The paradoxical finding of no-sugar beverages linked to obesity may simply be due to people living with obesity switching to diet drinks.
But another explanation could be that beverage consumption in all forms raises the risk of increasing EDC consumption — mainly from the plasticisers in plastic bottles and plastic-lined cans. Ultra-processed foods and beverages have recently been linked to EDC exposure: children consuming higher levels of ultra-processed food had more EDC metabolites in their urine, in a dose-response association Martinez Steele at al. Having made the case that EDCs need to be taken seriously in obesity prevention, we ask: What policies are being recommended and where are they being taken up?
We surveyed over 60 scientific reviews of EDCs chemicals in food project their relation to obesity and found three types of recommendation: i individual action to reduce exposure through limiting consumption of EDC-containing products, ii medical interventions to counter the effects of EDCs on endocrine systems and to educate patients, and iii tougher regulation on the use of EDCs, with increased safety testing and prohibitions on the use of products that are suspected of causing harm.
chemicals in food project
EDCs – an invisible cause of obesity
We then looked at 60 inter-governmental, national and expert policy documents concerned with obesity prevention, including publications from the World Health Organization, the European Commission, and a range of national government departments and agencies. Of these 60 documents only six referred to toxins in the environment as potentially relevant to obesity, and only one document actually nosocomial infection EDCs and the need for regulatory action.
This mismatch between the evolving science of EDCs and their limited recognition in governmental policy is alarming. We know that policy change in this area is difficult: it requires willingness in government and pressure from civil society, and will be resisted by current commercial interests. It is good in theory, but for EDCs significant regulatory chemicals in food project is proving difficult to achieve, and is strongly resisted by commercial interests and by governments with economic ties to their continued production.
German researchers have now shown that plasticisers can enter the body, disrupt hormone production, and cause people to gain weight. Plasticisers are added to food packaging, cables and various other products in order to make them more flexible and easier to handle. Otherwise known as phthalates, plasticisers are controversial because they can enter the body through the skin or in food, where they can disrupt hormone production. Fatty foods are particularly prone to this, as the plasticisers dissolve easily and migrate into the food. Phthalates have long been suspected of contributing to weight gain.
Lastly, we fear that a narrative of individual agency or personal responsibility to defend against obesogenic chemicals unfortunately echoes the narratives of stigma and blame for weight gain in other contexts, and can divert attention from corporate determinants of health.
There are few opportunities for personal responsibility when it comes to avoiding persistent and pervasive pollutants in the environment.
Правда, неплохо бы посетить туалетную - Конечно, - Симона вскочила. - Я провожу. Симона проводила мать по длинному коридору к дверце из имитированной - Итак, с вами здесь живут шестеро детей, - проговорила Николь, - в том числе трое, которых ты выносила и родила.
Compared with sugar-sweetened beverages or snack foods, EDCs are invisible and potentially obesogenic in relatively small quantities. They are found in a wide variety of products and environments, with highest exposure likely to be from plastics used in food and beverage production, but also in many household products, in transport pollutants and in water supplies. It needed legislation to remove lead pollution from water supplies and car exhaust, to take asbestos out of the building trade, and it will need legislation to regulate EDCs.
- Даже сама Вселенная.
- Обменявшись несколькими любезностями, мистер Ковальский спросил Макса, что они собираются делать.
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Individuals cannot be blamed for their consumption of EDCs and cannot reasonably be asked to reduce their own exposure.
Tim Lobstein and Kelly Brownell Read the original article Find 'Endocrine-disrupting chemicals and obesity risk: A review of recommendations for obesity prevention policies' chemicals in food project Tim Lobstein and Kelly Brownell in our journal Obesity Reviews.